Zone 2 Methodologies: 3rd-Person Approaches to 1st-Person Realities


Primary Focus
Methodology Significance
Key Concepts
Influential Thinkers
Examples of Analysis
Developmental Structuralism
  • Analyzes the stages of an individual's cognitive and emotional growth.
  • Understands the evolution of self-concept and self-relation over time.
  • Provides a framework for assessing psychological development stages.
  • Helps to compare cross-cultural patterns of individual development.
  • Structures of consciousness.
  • Subject-object theory.
  • Qualitative research methods in psychology.
  • Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development.
  • Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development.
  • Robert Kegan’s constructive-developmental psychology.
  • Investigating the progression of a child's reasoning from egocentric to logical operations.
  • Assessing moral judgement development in adolescents.
Systems Theory of the Self
  • Views self as a complex, adaptive system.
  • Analyzes how self-organization patterns change over time.
  • Helps explain dynamics of personality and behavior within an individual.
  • Shows interdependence between various aspects of self and environment.
  • Self-organization.
  • Feedback loops.
  • Adaptive systems.
  • Niklas Luhmann's work on social systems.
  • Urie Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory.
  • Understanding how trauma affects self-regulation mechanisms.
  • Analyzing coping strategies as a response to environmental stressors.
Structural Linguistics in Cognitive Analysis
  • Examines how language structures shape thought and expression.
  • Investigates the unconscious linguistic patterns that influence cognition.
  • Reveals the underlying systems of meaning within individual language use.
  • Links linguistic structures with cognitive and emotional development.
  • Language acquisition and use.
  • Formal grammatical structures.
  • Semantic networks.
  • Ferdinand de Saussure's general linguistics theory.
  • Noam Chomsky’s theory of generative grammar.
  • Studying the impact of mother tongue grammar on perception and categorization.
  • Analyzing speech to identify cognitive frames and metaphors in an individual.

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